A large majority of the population depends on agriculture and pastoralism for their livelihood. In Somaliland and Puntland, the majority of the population are pastoralists or agro-pastoralists that depend totally on livestock. The northern part of the country is dryland, and the population is extremely vulnerable to climate shocks. Severe and recurrent drought over the past years has resulted in one of the worst food security crisis in decades. The Development Fund works to strengthen food and livelihood security, by increasing adaptive capacity to climate change, rehabilitation of degraded land areas, water accessibility and generating alternative income sources.

Key Facts

- Capital: Mogadishu
- Population: 15 million
- HDI: Statistics not available for Somalia

Food security and nutrition

Introduction: The Development Fund works for improved food and nutrition security among pastoralist and agro-pastoralists communities in Somaliland and Puntland. Our projects include training in sustainable agriculture, diversification of agricultural production, and improved livestock management. Click on this link to read more.

Economics and access to markets

Introduction: Pastoralist and agro-pastoralist households in Somalia are highly dependent on livestock and agriculture for their income. Alternative income opportunities are scarce, limiting in particularly women and youth’s possibilities to make income and access jobs. Our projects focus on strengthening women’s income opportunities through the establishment of cooperatives or saving and loan groups, processing of agricultural products, and vocational and entrepreneurship training for youth. Somali diaspora in Norway is an important partner and contributor in this work. Click on this link to read more.

Participation and equality

Introduction: A strong and including civil society is important for recovery, stabilisation and democratisation. In Somalia, we focus on capacity building of our local partners, and support their effort to be actively involved in policy and development processes. Establishment and support of community based organisations is an important part of our project and approach. In particular, we focus on increased participation and influence of women in decision making. Click on this link to read more.

Policy and advocacy

Introduction: The regional governments of Somaliland and Puntland have made development plans related to food security and climate. However, there are huge gaps in translating these into concrete implementation. There is also still a lack of policies and plans for crucial aspects related to agriculture and adaptive capacity to climate change. The main focus in our policy work is related to seed policies to ensure improved seed security in the two regions. Click on this link to read more.

Diaspora involvement

An innovative aspect of the program is the involvement of Norway-based Diaspora groups. The Somali community is the biggest African community in Norway numbering about 24.000 immigrants and about 9000 born in Norway to Somali parents. Click on this link to read more.